Transition in the Workplace: The Experience of Italian Transgender and Gender Non-conforming People through the Lens of the Minority Stress Theory
Transgender and gender non-conforming (TGNC) people are a highly stigmatized population experiencing high rates of minority stress and adverse health outcomes. Notwithstanding that, they are able to use adaptive coping strategies to buffer the effect of stigma on their health. Recently, vocational experiences of TGNC individuals were connected to minority stressors, highlighting the effects that stigma have on vocational outcomes. Through the lens of the minority stress theory, this study aimed at exploring the emotional and psychological implications of the gender transition process in the workplace in two male-to-female and six female-to-male Italian TGNC individuals taking part in the study “Re-interpreting organizations through transgender and gender non-conforming narratives”. Participants sent their narratives to the editorial board of the PuntOorg International Journal (PIJ). Narratives were analyzed through the thematic inductive analysis. Three macro-categories were identified, each containing core themes, as follows: 1) Minority stressors (a. Transphobia and rejection; b. Felt stigma and stigma anticipation; c. Internalized transphobia; d. Passing as an obstacle); 2) Protective factors (a. Passing as a resource; b. Coming out, visibility, and intimacy with colleagues; c. Resilience); 3) Effect of minority stress on health (a. Depression; b. Anger and suicide ideation). Results and organizational implications are discussed.
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